[7th July 2015]

HON. EKWEE ETHURO PAYS A COURTESY CALL SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, HON. TADAMORI OSHIMA

On Wednesday, 1st July 2015, the Kenyan Senate Speaker Hon. David Ekwee Ethuro and his delegation paid a courtesy call on the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Hon. Tadamori Oshima. The Japanese Speaker Hon. Oshima graciously welcomed the Speaker and his delegation to Japan. He went on to explain that the government of Japan features a three-way separation of powers giving legislative powers to the Diet, executive powers to the cabinet, and judicial powers to the judiciary for checks and balances to guarantee the people's rights and freedoms.

He said that Japan has a bicameral legislature (The National Diet) composed of the House of Representatives (the lower house), and the House of Councillors (Upper House) - both houses being directly elected by the people. The Diet itself was established in 1889 on adoption of the Meiji Constitution but was initially comprised of the House of Peers and the House of Representatives. While the House of Representatives was then elected by the people, the House of Peers was appointed from members of the imperial family. However, the current form of the National Diet was adopted in 1947 upon adoption of Japan's postwar constitution which elevated the Constitution to the highest organ of state power.

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